Anabolic SteroidsAnabolic steroids are synthetic chemicals that mimic the effects of athletes use anabolic steroids male sex hormone testosterone. Some athletes seeking increased muscular strength and size abuse anabolic steroids. They may reach their goal of increased strength in the short term but risk serious medical complications in the long term. As a result, isometric muscle strength increases. These steroids are also androgenic, which means that they cause changes anabllic of males, such as athletes use anabolic steroids of facial hair, loss of scalp steriods, deepening of the voice, skin oiliness, and aggressive behavior.
Athletes Who Have Been Banned Due To Steroid Use | Young Scot
Anabolic steroids are synthetic chemicals that mimic the effects of the male sex hormone testosterone. Some athletes seeking increased muscular strength and size abuse anabolic steroids.
They may reach their goal of increased strength in the short term but risk serious medical complications in the long term. As a result, isometric muscle strength increases. These steroids are also androgenic, which means that they cause changes characteristic of males, such as growth of facial hair, loss of scalp hair, deepening of the voice, skin oiliness, and aggressive behavior.
A female taking anabolic steroids experiences irregular menstrual periods and atrophy of the breasts and uterus, and develops the male-associated characteristics. A male may develop an enlarged prostate and atrophy of the testicles. Anabolic steroids increase muscular strength and size, but put their abusers at risk for serious medical complications. Steroid abuse stunts height, increases weight, dampens immunity, and can damage the kidneys, liver, and heart.
Blood vessels may become blocked with fatty plaque. The liver may develop tumors, and infertility is common. Psychiatric symptoms include depression, delusions, and violent tendencies, sometimes called "'roid rage. Athletes call anabolic steroids 'roids, juice, pump, or hype. Some of the one hundred varieties are oxymetholone, oxandrolone, and stanozolol taken orally and nandrolone and boldenone taken by injection.
Abusers may take one huge dose seeking instant strength, slowly build up the dose pyramiding , or "stack" different types of steroids. Whatever the delivery route, the message to the body is the same: Despite the well-known side effects of anabolic steroids, use among athletes is widespread, perhaps because of the example set by professional baseball, basketball, and hockey players who use them.
Still, about 30 percent of college and professional athletes use anabolic steroids, as do 10 to 20 percent of high school athletes. Olympic athletes have often been punished for steroid use. After Canadian Ben Johnson flew past his competitors in the meter run in the summer Olympics, officials rescinded his gold medal when a urine test revealed stanozolol in Johnson's system.
His natural testosterone level was only 15 percent of a normal male's. Shot-putters, discus throwers, wrestlers, and swimmers have also been known to use anabolic steroids. In , a urine test on U. Hunter revealed one thousand times the allowable limit of nandrolone.
Anabolic steroids do have legitimate medical uses. They were first synthesized in the s to treat underdeveloped testes and resulting testosterone deficiency. In the s, they were used to treat anemia and muscle-wasting disorders and to bulk up patients whose muscles had atrophied from extended bed rest. In the s, anabolic steroids were used to treat some forms of dwarfism.
Today anabolic steroids are being studied for their ability to alleviate the extreme body wasting associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS. Their most common use, however, remains among athletes seeking a quick competitive edge.
American Academy of Pediatrics. Play Safe, Play Fair. National Institute of Drug Abuse. Bibliography American Academy of Pediatrics. Would you like to share your experience and expertise in this field. Like how you avoid side effects, the ways of getting it and the results and cautions.
Comment about this article, ask questions, or add new information about this topic: Show my email publicly. Type the code shown: Amphibian Anatomy of Plants.