Confused by the choice in antidepressants? With persistence, you and your doctor should find one that works so that you can enjoy life more. Antidepressants are medications that can help relieve symptoms of depression, social anxiety disorder, anxiety disorders, seasonal affective disorder, and dysthymia, or mild chronic depression, as well as other conditions. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the. Antidepressants are a type of medication used to treat clinical depression or prevent it recurring. They can also be used to treat some other conditions.
When people fail to take their antidepressants, there is a greater risk that the drug won't help, that symptoms get worse, that they miss work or are less productive at work, and that the person may be hospitalized. In looking at the issue of antidepressant use, some academics have highlighted the need to examine the use of antidepressants and other medical treatments in cross-cultural terms, due to the fact that various cultures prescribe and observe different manifestations, symptoms, meanings and associations of depression and other medical conditions within their populations.
Because most antidepressants function by inhibiting the reuptake of neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine, and norepinepherine  these drugs can interfere with natural neurotransmitter levels in other organisms impacted by indirect exposure.
Coral reef fish have been demonstrated to modulate aggressive behavior through serotonin. Exposure to fluoxetine has been demonstrated to increase serotonergic activity in fish, subsequently reducing aggressive behavior. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Comparative efficacy and tolerability of antidepressants. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Serotonin syndrome and MAOIs.
Antidepressants and suicide risk. PMID January In Grossberg, George T. Clinical psychopharmacology for neurologists: Retrieved 10 November Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology. Canadian Medical Association Journal. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 4: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology.
British Society for Neuroendocrinology, UK. Archived from the original on 12 April Retrieved 12 April The treatment and management of depression in adults". Archived from the original on 23 September Retrieved 23 September Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions 5. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
A systematic review with meta-analysis and Trial Sequential Analysis". Archives of General Psychiatry. Archived from the original PDF on 12 June Retrieved 20 November An analysis of antidepressant medication data submitted to the U.
Food and Drug Administration". Systematic review of published versus unpublished data". Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. Variable, Substantial, and Growing". National Institute of Mental Health. Archived from the original on 5 March Retrieved 28 November The American Journal of Psychiatry. New England Journal of Medicine. Archived from the original PDF on Implications for Clinical Practice". American Journal of Psychiatry.
A comprehensive review of findings". Systematic Review and Meta-analysis". The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. Products — Data Briefs — Number 76 — October Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Archived from the original on 4 February Retrieved 4 February A survey of clinicians".
Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs of a common therapeutic strategy". Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry. Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics. Archived from the original PDF on 21 October Retrieved 20 February Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2: Archived from the original PDF on 6 December Cochrane Database Syst Rev 3: Archived PDF from the original on 21 September Archived from the original on 13 April Retrieved 30 January The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology.
Archived from the original PDF on 19 February Archived PDF from the original on 16 June Archived PDF from the original on 27 March Archived from the original on 8 May Retrieved 24 May Archived from the original on 25 May Archived from the original PDF on 23 May Cochrane Database Syst Rev. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 7: The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Archived from the original PDF on 18 June Presentation of 2 cases and review of the literature".
Br J Gen Pract. Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl. A systematic review and updated meta-analysis". The case of antidepressant use in pregnancy and malformations".
J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. Food and Drug Administration. Archived from the original on 3 December Retrieved 29 November Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics. An overview of current controversies". Archived from the original on 19 December Archived from the original on 18 August Retrieved 5 June Archived PDF from the original on 18 October International Review of Psychiatry.
The Oxford handbook of impulse control disorders. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. An antidepressant with noradrenergic and specific serotonergic effects". Archived from the original on 29 October Retrieved 19 November Archived from the original on 17 September Retrieved 17 September An integrative review of evidence, mechanisms, and clinical implications".
Journal of Psychopharmacology Oxford, England. Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology. Past, Present and Future. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 12 July Retrieved 13 July Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology. Archived from the original on 20 November European Journal of Pharmacology. Stahl; with illustrations by Nancy Drug and Alcohol Dependence.
British Journal of Pharmacology. Diagnostic and Treatment Issues". Archived from the original on 2 December Retrieved 23 November Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. Pharmacotherapy of social phobia. A controlled study with moclobemide and phenelzine.
British Journal of Psychiatry. A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial". Can they slow cognitive decline? Foods and sleep Ginkgo biloba: Can it prevent memory loss? Do lighter colored drinks help? Hangovers Hashimoto's disease Headache Hidradenitis suppurativa Hidradenitis suppurativa and biologics: Get the facts Hidradenitis suppurativa and diet: When does it appear?
How does smoking affect fertility? How opioid addiction occurs How to spot and prevent insomnia How to tell if a loved one is abusing opioids How to use opioids safely Huperzine A: Can it treat Alzheimer's? Can calcium supplements interfere with treatment?
Hypothyroidism diet Hypothyroidism and joint pain? Should I take iodine supplements? Can hypothyroidism cause eye problems? How do I stay asleep? Cognitive behavioral therapy instead of sleeping pills Intervention: Help a loved one overcome addiction Is depression a factor in rheumatoid arthritis? Is the definition of Alzheimer's disease changing? Depression and diet Kratom for opioid withdrawal Lack of sleep: Can it make you sick?
Is breast tenderness common? Living better with hidradenitis suppurativa Low blood pressure hypotension Male depression Managing depression in MS Managing Headaches Managing hidradenitis suppurativa: Is it necessary to restrict tyramine?
When to seek help Mental health: Overcoming the stigma of mental illness Mental health providers: Tips on finding one Mental health Mental illness Migraine Migraine medications and antidepressants Migraine treatment: Migraines and gastrointestinal problems: Migraines and Vertigo Migraines: Are they triggered by weather changes? What does it mean? New Alzheimers Research Nicotine dependence Nicotine replacement therapy: Safe and effective Not tired?
Don't go to bed Occipital nerve stimulation: When to seek help Opioids and other drugs: Why is it so challenging? Perimenopause Perimenopause birth control options Pet therapy Phosphatidylserine supplements: Can they improve memory? What's right for you?
Progressive supranuclear palsy Psychotherapy Rapidly progressing Alzheimer's: Reducing the discomfort of hidradenitis suppurativa: Self-care tips Salt craving: A symptom of Addison's disease? Signs of a sleep disorder Skip booze for better sleep Sleep disorders Sleep tips Smoking and depression: Smoking and rheumatoid arthritis: Does it worsen hypothyroidism? Staying active with hidradenitis suppurativa Stop your next migraine before it starts Stress symptoms Sundowning: Late-day confusion Support groups Surgery for hidradenitis suppurativa Symptom Checker Tapering off opioids: When and how Tinnitus and antidepressants Transcranial magnetic stimulation Traumatic brain injury Treating hidradenitis suppurativa: Explore your options Treating hidradenitis suppurativa with antibiotics and hormones Treating pain: When is an opioid the right choice?
Treatment-resistant depression Tricyclic antidepressants and tetracyclic antidepressants Unexplained weight loss Vagus nerve stimulation Valerian: A safe and effective herbal sleep aid? What are opioids and why are they dangerous? Antidepressants are a type of medicine used to treat clinical depression. It's thought they work by increasing levels of chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters.
Certain neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and noradrenaline, are linked to mood and emotion. Neurotransmitters may also affect pain signals sent by nerves, which may explain why some antidepressants can help relieve long-term pain. While antidepressants can treat the symptoms of depression, they don't always address its causes.
This is why they're usually used in combination with therapy to treat more severe depression or other mental health conditions. Research suggests that antidepressants can be helpful for people with moderate or severe depression. They're not usually recommended for mild depression, unless other treatments like therapy haven't helped. Antidepressants are usually taken in tablet form. When they're prescribed, you'll start on the lowest possible dose thought necessary to improve your symptoms.
Antidepressants usually need to be taken for 1 or 2 weeks without missing a dose before the benefit starts to be felt. It's important not to stop taking them if you get some mild side effects early on, as these effects usually wear off quickly. If you take an antidepressant for 4 weeks without feeling any benefit, speak to your GP or mental health specialist.
Provides detailed information on all antidepressant drugs currently available in the UK. A list of depression medications (antidepressants). following are some of the depression medications (antidepressants) available in the U.S. Are you unhappy with your antidepressant? WebMD offers information about types of antidepressants, their effectiveness, and their side effects.