Information on bottle bills (beverage container deposit laws) throughout the these resources will help you gain understanding, from how bottle bills work From the United States to Canada to the rest of the world, bottle bills are everywhere. Following the implementation of bottle bills in various states, container litter has been Aluminum cans are gradually being supplanted by plastic bottles. . (13) Table ES-1, “Understanding Beverage Container Recycling: A Value Chain. The eleven states that currently have bottle deposit laws (see table) recycle more "Understanding Beverage Container Recycling: A Value Chain Assessment.
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The beyond use date is not later than the expiration date on the manufacturer's container or one year from the date the drug is dispensed, whichever is earlier. The effectiveness of a medicine may decrease over time, but studies have shown for most medications that much of the original potency still remains years after the expiration date.
So, if you have a headache one night, and you reach for your bottle of ibuprofen and find that it expired last year, chances are high that the medicine still has retained most of its potency. It is still advisable though to replace medicines that have expired or reached their beyond use date to be sure you are using the most up-to-date product, with proper potency, and with the most up-to-date instructions for use.
Since you last purchased the product, new dosing instructions or warnings may have been advised by FDA, the strength may have changed to reduce the risk of errors, a new dosing device may be available to help measure doses more accurately, the product may be packaged in a new container more child-resistant than an older version of the drug, and so on. So, clean out your medicine supplies regularly, and replace any medicines that are more than a year or two beyond its expiration date.
Get the news you need to start your day. Understanding the meaning of expiration dates on drug labels. December 24, - Sign Up Morning Newsletter. Never Miss a Story. Trump calls for investment in artificial intelligence. Any beverage of the following kinds, 3 liters or less, sold in Oregon is required to carry a deposit, which as of July 1, is 10 cents per container.
Deposit is initially collected by the manufacturer and charged at each transaction. Retailers are required to refund deposit to consumer when they present containers.
The requirements are divided into two categories. Retailers over 5, square feet and retailers under 5, square feet. Retailers over 5, square feet, which include most supermarkets and thrift stores are legally required to redeem up to cans per person per day provided that containers are from kinds of beverage they sell.
So, a sporting goods store that sells water and soda, but not beer, does not have to take beer cans. Retailers under 5, square feet small shop, convenience stores and like are allowed to limit the quantity to 50 containers per person per day.
They can also limit them to the brand and size they sell. Within these limitations, retailers are required to accept containers all hours they're open for business and it is unlawful for retailers to refuse containers unless:.
Bottle return machines are provided for retailers' convenience. Even when machines are broken, retailers continue to have legal obligations to accept containers even if they have to hand count them . A recent trend in many markets in Oregon has been for stores that were previously required to accept returns to remove bottle return machines and instead refer customers to "Bottle Drop" facilities while refusing to accept returns.
Many of these return facilities are located in remote industrial parks [ citation needed ]. This has eliminated the retailer's role in returns and freed up floor space in stores, but has had the result of many customers simply throwing containers away rather than contending with the expense and time commitment to drive them to a return facility [ citation needed ]. Deposits on refillable glass bottles were the norm well before the s, at which time the disposable steel beverage can began to slowly displace glass.
By , almost half of U. Vermont passed the first "bottle bill" in , but it only banned non-refillable bottles and did not introduce a deposit system. It expired in after beer industry lobbying. British Columbia enacted North America's oldest beverage deposit system in Oregon's bottle bill inspired similar laws in eight other states between and California activists attempted to pass a bottle bill beginning in the late s but were blocked by recycling organizations.
A modified bill passed in By , beer and soda companies were responsible for million bottles and million cans each year in Oregon. Before the formal Oregon Bottle Bill, Oregon had already set up a less formal bottle return system that most stores and some of the public cooperated with. Inspired by the early Vermont bottle return system before it was repealed, Oregon's limited system paid 1 cent for beer bottles and cans and 3 cents for soda bottles and cans, and was started in the mids, and lasted through the rest of the 50s, throughout the s and into the early 70s until the more formal and expanded Bottle Bill was enacted.
The emphasis was on bottles, as bottlers were washed and re-used for fresh product sold to the public before health laws were enacted that stopped the re-wash system. And because of the low payout for the return of bottles and cans, and in spite of various anti-litter PSA advertising campaigns on Oregon television, only a relatively small percentage of Oregonians participated in the return of bottles and cans, and thus many bottles and cans still littered Oregon's highways and scenic areas throughout this entire early bottle-can recycling period.
Richard Chambers , a logging equipment salesman,  collected litter during his hiking, climbing, and kayaking throughout the state. In , he called Oregon State Representative Paul Hanneman , whom Chambers knew well, after he was inspired by a small newspaper article about British Columbia wanting to ban non-refundable bottles and cans.
Chambers wanted a deposit on bottles and cans to encourage people to return them to the store. Chambers began a letter-writing campaign, using non-ordinary stationery and stamps to draw the attention of his intended audience.
Chambers brought in people to testify for the bill, including a river guide to testify about the amount of beverage package litter in the water, and a farmer who lost four cows because of ingestion of glass and metal shards from beverage containers. Beverage container materials companies and bottling companies fought the bill.
Hanneman offered the compromise of not banning non-returnables but instead requiring a five-cent deposit as an incentive for return. Treasury Department often referred to as the TTB. Some states such as California have adopted supplemental labeling laws. Napa Valley wineries have historically provided more information than the minimum amount required by law.
This infographic and guide will help you understand a wine label like a pro, so you can buy with confidence. If no brand name is on the label, the bottler's name is considered the brand. It is also useful to refer to the bottler's name if a winery has several brands. Although not required, many wineries voluntarily list the proportions of the grape varieties that comprise their wine blends. The vintage designates the year in which the grapes were harvested.
The law was designed to allow American producers to be held to the same standards as other wine producing countries. This regulation only applies to wines that do not use an AVA.
How to Read a Wine Label
In July , the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection undertook research3 on the impact of expansion to include water bottles in that state. Understanding the Elaborate Process Behind PET Bottle Recycling. PET Bottle The United States is one of the biggest consumers of plastic. Yet, only ten. Why Are There So Few States with 'Bottle Bill' Laws? . I do not understand how anyone could consider a deposit fee a "tax" because it is.