Louisiana is a state in the Deep South region of the southeastern United States. It is the 31st When René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle claimed the territory drained by the Mississippi River for France, he named it La Louisiane. Louisiana information resource links to state homepage, symbols, flags, maps, constitutions, Louisiana (LA). Kentucky Louisiana's Constitution, 18th State. Louisiana Checkbook Graphic · La Checkbook is Louisiana state government's Transparency and Accountability Portal and online state spending database.
(LA) About Louisiana
Free blacks amassed some of Louisiana's largest land holdings prior to the Civil War and blacks have major contributions to Jazz and Louisiana cuisine in particular.
And many of Louisiana's annual festivals are celebrations of particular ethnic contributions to the "cultural gumbo" of this unique state. No other state has a more varied or colorful past than Louisiana. The state has been governed under 10 different flags beginning in with Hernando de Soto's claim of the region for Spain. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Louisiana became an independent republic for six weeks before joining the Confederacy. Earlier, in , Louisiana had become a part of the United States because of the region's importance to the trade and security of the American mid-west.
New Orleans and the surrounding territory controlled the mouth of the Mississippi River down which much of the produce of the mid-west travelled to reach market. With the acquisition of Louisiana, Jefferson nearly doubled the size of the fledgling U.
Later, 13 states or parts of states were carved out of the Louisiana Purchase territory. Through much of its early history Louisiana was a trading and financial center, and the fertility of its land made it one of the richest regions in America as first indigo then sugar and cotton rose to prominence in world markets.
Many Louisiana planters were among the wealthiest men in America. The plantation economy was shattered by the Civil War although the state continued to be a powerful agricultural region.
The discovery of sulphur in and oil in , coupled with the rise of forestry sent the state on a new wave of economic growth. Eventually, Louisiana became a major American producer of oil and natural gas and a center of petroleum refining and petrochemicals manufacturing, which it remains to this day.
Cajun Country The French province of Acadia today's Nova Scotia and surrounding regions was settled in the s by French colonists, but the area became a British possession soon afterwards.
In , as war neared between France and England, the British authorities demanded that the Acadians renounce their Roman Catholic faith and swear allegiance to the Crown. The Acadians refused and the mass exile that followed is well known to all who have read Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's "Evangeline". The migration of the French Acadians to Louisiana was neither smooth nor immediate. Many were shipped to the New England colonies, others to the West Indies or back to France, and many wandered for 20 years before learning that they were welcome in the predominantly French territory of Louisiana.
Here they established small farms along the Mississippi River, Bayou Teche, Bayou Lafourche and other streams in the southern part of the region. Fishing and trapping villages were established in the swamplands. Cajun the word is a corruption of the original French pronunciation of Acadian--A-ca-jan Country today lies within a triangle whose base is the Louisiana coast and whose apex is near Alexandria in the central part of the state.
The triangle contains 22 parishes and the region's principal city, Lafayette, is the unofficial capital of "Acadiana". Cajun cooking may be a first cousin to the Creole cuisine of New Orleans, but there is none other quite like it in the world for the imagination of its dishes or the artistic robustness of its seasoning. Favorite Cajun dishes include jambalaya, gumbo, turtle sauce piquante, andouille sausage, boudin a pork and rice sausage , cochon du lait, soft-shell crab, stuffed crab, a hundred shrimp dishes, crawfish etouffee, crawfish bisque, crawfish pie, and dozens more.
Cajun music can be lively or melancholy - and sometimes both at once. The traditional instruments are fiddle, accordion and triangle, and those still dominate although drums and guitars have found their way into Cajun bands in recent years. Like the spoken language of the Cajuns, the lyrics of their songs are part French, part English.
The themes are universal, love lost and found and the beauty of their land, but the melodies and phraseology are unique. Originally farmers, trappers and fishermen, today's Cajuns occupy virtually every occupation and are the backbone of the state's oil and gas exploration and production industry, particularly offshore. When oil was first discovered in the North Sea more than 5, Cajuns with experience working on oil rigs in the open sea were employed to drill the first wells and to provide training.
Along with its food and music, the major trademarks of Cajun Country are pirogues canoes made from a single cypress log , Spanish moss, alligators, swamps, bayous and "Cajun Cabins". The Louisiana plantation culture first came into being along the state's rivers and bayous in the 18th century.
Planters initially used the fertile soil for indigo and tobacco, but these crops were soon replaced by cotton in north Louisiana and sugar cane in the more tropical southern part of the state. Sugar and cotton made the great mansions possible, but the designs of the homes came from as many directions as did the planters themselves. Its great umbrella-like hipped roof came from Canada and its wide galleries and turned colonettes slender wooden columns were developed in Louisiana.
The earliest furnishings of the homes were made of oak or cypress by slaves on the plantations. Later, in prosperous years, European craftsmen came to Louisiana. European furnishings and art were imported through New Orleans and other ports.
The plantation mansions of Louisiana still bear signs of efforts to make life in the new world as genteel and pleasant as possible. Many are surrounded by extensive formal gardens, and the approaches to some of the homes are lined with avenues of live oaks that are now huge in their old age. State Tree The state tree is the bald cypress. Its shape, which varies from columnar to conical bottle-shaped , depends greatly on the amount and duration of flooding in the area.
The bark is reddish-brown, fibrous, thin, and divided into small, flat ridges and shallow furrows. Leaves of the cypress tree spread in flat planes in the feathery pattern on its branches. It is a cross of the domestic dog the Indians of the Catahoula Lake region raised and the Spanish "war dog" that came through the area in the early s.
The Catahoula has unusual glassy eyes, webbed feet, a spotted coat, and is gentle with children. State Flower The large, creamy-white bloom of the magnolia tree was designated the state flower in because of its abundance throughout the state. The magnolia is an evergreen and the flower is unusually fragrant.
State Seal The state seal was adopted in and features a pelican tearing flesh from its own breast to feed its young. The pelican and its three young are surrounded by the Louisiana motto, "Union, Justice, Confidence.
History No other state has a more varied or colorful past than Louisiana. Plantations The Louisiana plantation culture first came into being along the state's rivers and bayous in the 18th century.
State Bird The brown pelican is Louisiana's official bird. Pelicans are famous for their large bill, the lower portion of which has a pouch that can be greatly extended. State Flag The Louisiana flag contains a crest centered on a blue field. The crest consists of a nest bearing three chicks, a mother pelican vulning herself with her head turned to the viewer's right and displaying three drops of blood on her breast. Commissioner of Insurance Department of Insurance.
Attorney General Department of Justice. Supreme Court 1st Circuit Court of Appeal: Baton Rouge 2nd Circuit Court of Appeal: Shreveport 3rd Circuit Court of Appeal: Lake Charles 4th Circuit Court of Appeal: New Orleans 5th Circuit Court of Appeal: Steamboat on the Mississippi River, New Orleans. Image courtesy of CRT Imagebase. Boiled crawfish at the Mudbug Madness Festival, Shreveport.
Aerial view of commerce on Mississippi River, Baton Rouge. Official State Flower Magnolia. MultiCultural mural on a building downtown, Shreveport. Detail of the official Seal of the State of Louisiana.
Lieutenant Governor Billy Nungesser and the Louisiana Travel Association today recognized three key political figures — former Environmental Protection Agency EPA announced the availability of grant funding to implement projects Public Meeting Notices Friday, February 8, 8: Sharel Favorite , Monday, February 11, 8: Please include these criteria in the body of the message: Meeting topic Date Time Contact person phone and e-mail Organization Sponsoring the Meeting Location Link to website or attached document containing meeting agenda.
La Checkbook is Louisiana state government's Transparency and Accountability Portal and online state spending database.
Louisiana's Hurricane Awareness Campaign. Get A Game Plan for you and your family during hurricane season. Office of the Governor: Governor John Bel Edwards was inaugurated on January 11,
As part of Louisiana's French legacy counties are called "parishes." La Salle later claimed it for Bourbon France and over the years Louisiana was at one time . Information on Louisiana — economy, government, culture, state map and flag, Featured Videos. State abbreviation/Postal code: La./LA. ADVERTISEMENT. BATON ROUGE, La. – Lieutenant Governor Billy Nungesser, with the help of the Louisiana Seafood Promotion and Marketing Board, are proud to announce the.